Recalling the Paris Agreement’s recognition of the importance of engagement of all levels of government, and subsequent decisions by the Conference of Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on multilevel engagement, including the establishment of the High Level Champions at COP21 and their establishment of the Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action at COP22, the introduction of the Talanoa Dialogue process at COP23, and the COP26 Glasgow Climate Pact,

Reaffirming that collaborative and science-based climate action coordinated between national and subnational governments - including cities, towns, states and regions - is critical and creates additional potential for emissions reduction, building resilience, and avoiding severe climate impacts,

Acknowledging respective national legislations, regulations, and circumstances, and the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement as the primary intergovernmental fora for the global response to climate change.

Encouraged by the work and contributions of non-Party stakeholders, including cities, towns, states and regions, to the Paris Agreement process since its adoption,[1] the inaugural convening of the Ministerial Meeting on Urbanization and Climate Change at COP27 and its second iteration at COP28, and the work of the Local Governments and Municipal Authorities (LGMA) constituency to the UNFCCC,

We, the countries identified below, gathered at COP28, pledge to: [2]

Join the Coalition for High Ambition Multilevel Partnerships (CHAMP) for Climate Action in order to enhance cooperation, where applicable and appropriate, with our subnational governments in the planning, financing, implementation, and monitoring of climate strategies, including but not limited to Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), National Adaptation Plans (NAPs), National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) and Long Term Low-Emission Development Strategies (LT-LEDS), to maximise climate action, including through coalitions such as the NDC Partnership, with a view towards collectively pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, and increase adaptation and resilience.

To achieve these objectives, we will in nationally determined ways:

Consult

1. Consult with our respective subnational governments, as appropriate and applicable, to determine the avenues for subnational action to contribute to national mitigation and adaptation commitments and strategies, and their subsequent implementation and monitoring.

Collaborate

2. Work collaboratively with our respective subnational governments to unlock and realise mitigation and adaptation action opportunities at the subnational level by involving them, as appropriate and applicable, in the review, design, enhancement, consolidation and implementation of our national commitments and strategies.

NDC 2025

3. Create inclusive institutional and informal processes to enable subnational governments to contribute to further enhancing NDCs, where applicable, ahead of COP30 in 2025, and, where available and appropriate, integrate local and territorial baseline information, targets and actions for emissions mitigation and adaptation across all sectors and industries.

NDC investment

4.Include relevant subnational government projects (encompassing mitigation and adaptation) in climate-related investment priorities (including those directly and indirectly related to NDCs) and strive to help them secure the resources necessary from public and private financial institutions, as applicable, to begin or scale up implementation, including but not limited to supporting project preparation, pipeline development, aggregation of projects, new financial instruments or policy reform at local, national, regional and global levels as needed.

Voluntary review

5. Undertake, as appropriate and applicable, regular, and inclusive country-led reviews of progress at national and subnational level around the implementation of CHAMP commitments through existing processes, which may include the Voluntary National Review process of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, with a view to ensure that national policy frameworks support and, where appropriate, can accelerate ambitious multilevel climate action.

High Level Dialogue

6. Meet, amongst the endorsers of CHAMP, with representative subnational leaders, at a global High Level Political Dialogue on Multilevel Climate Action in the lead up to both COP29 and COP30 to share good practices and lessons learned in implementing the CHAMP commitments, to be compiled into a summary shared, among others, as a contribution to the Ministerial Meeting on Urbanization and Climate Change.

 

[1] Including the Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action established in 2022, the Cities Race to Zero and Resilience, subnational contributions to the 2030 Breakthroughs and the Sharm el Sheikh Adaptation Agenda, and the COP27 Presidency’s Sustainable Urban Resilience for the next Generation (SURGe) initiative

[2] This document is a voluntary and non-binding commitment which does not give rise to any rights or obligations under international law.

Signatures:

1. Republic of Albania
2. Principality of Andorra
3. Antigua and Barbuda
4. Republic of Armenia
5. Commonwealth of Australia
6. Republic of Azerbaijan
7. Commonwealth of the Bahamas
8. People’s Republic of Bangladesh
9. Kingdom of Belgium
10. Kingdom of Bhutan
11. Federative Republic of Brazil
12. Negara Brunei Darussalam
13. Republic of Bulgaria
14. Burkina Faso
15. Republic of Cabo Verde
16. Canada
17. Republic of Chad
18. Republic of Chile
19. Republic of Colombia
20. Republic of Costa Rica
21. Republic of Côte d'Ivoire
22. Kingdom of Denmark
23. Dominican Republic
24. Republic of El Salvador
25. Republic of Estonia
26. Kingdom of Eswatini
27. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
28. Republic of France
29. Federal Republic of Germany
30. Republic of Ghana
31. Republic of Guatemala
32. Hungary
33. Iceland
34. Republic of Italy
35. Jamaica
36. Japan
37. Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
38. Republic of Kenya
39. Republic of Kiribati
40. Republic of Korea
41. Kyrgyz Republic
42. Republic of Lebanon
43. Kingdom of Lesotho
44. United Mexican States
45. Republic of Moldova
46. Mongolia
47. Kingdom of Morocco
48. Kingdom of the Netherlands
49. Republic of Nicaragua
50. Federal Republic of Nigeria
51. Republic of North Macedonia
52. Kingdom of Norway
53. Islamic Republic of Pakistan
54. Republic of Palau
55. Republic of Panama
56. Independent State of Papua New Guinea
57. Republic of Paraguay
58. Republic of the Philippines
59. Republic of Poland
60. Portuguese Republic
61. Republic of Rwanda
62. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
63. Republic of Serbia
64. Republic of Seychelles
65. Republic of Sierra Leone
66. Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
67. Republic of Türkiye
68. Turkmenistan
69. Ukraine
70. United Arab Emirates
71. United States of America
72. Republic of Yemen

COP28 UAE DECLARATIONS

SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE, RESILIENT FOOD SYSTEMS, AND CLIMATE ACTION
COALITION FOR HIGH AMBITION MULTILEVEL PARTNERSHIPS (CHAMP) FOR CLIMATE ACTION
CLIMATE, RELIEF, RECOVERY AND PEACE
CLIMATE FINANCE FRAMEWORK
GLOBAL COOLING PLEDGE FOR COP28
GENDER-RESPONSIVE JUST TRANSITIONS AND CLIMATE ACTION PARTNERSHIP
GLOBAL RENEWABLES AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY PLEDGE
COP28 DECLARATION OF INTENT