We, ministers and government officials, declare our resolve as we implement the Paris Agreement to drive gender-responsive just transitions, which strengthen all women’s and girls’ leadership and meaningful participation, decision making, capacities, and livelihoods in climate action to achieve gender equality and support the sustainable and transformational impacts of our adaptation, mitigation, and finance efforts.

COP28 Gender-Responsive Just Transitions and Climate Action Partnership

Building on progress in this regard in this year of the Global Stocktake, we:

1. Reaffirm the relevant outcomes of previous Conferences of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement and the enhanced Lima Work Program on Gender and its Gender Action Plan.
2. Reaffirm, as applicable, the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action and the outcome documents of its reviews.
3. Reaffirm the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including the fifth goal on achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls.
4. Reaffirm, as applicable, commitments to gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls made at relevant United Nations summits and conferences, including the International Conference on Population and Development and its Programme of Action and the outcome documents of its reviews.
5. Welcome, as applicable, the agreed conclusions of the 66th Session of the Commission on the Status of Women, on achieving gender equality and the empowerment of women in the context of climate change, energy transitions, environmental and disaster risk reduction policies and programs.
6. Welcome the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Synthesis Report of the 6th Assessment Report, which recognises that vulnerabilities and climate risks can be reduced through carefully designed policies and laws that address specific inequities such as those based on gender.

Women’s and girls’ full, equal and meaningful participation and leadership

7. Acknowledge the significant contributions and roles of all women and girls in decision-making, governance and finance for climate action, including the clean energy transition.
8. Emphasise that achieving gender equality and women’s empowerment, including for women and girls facing intersecting inequalities, such as Indigenous women and girls, rural women and girls, and women and girls with disabilities, accelerates the implementation of the Paris Agreement.

Nexus of Gender Equality and Just Transitions

9. Recognise the disproportionate impacts of climate change on all women and girls, including as they relate to access to and the creation of decent work in the context of just transitions and as these effects relate to exacerbating inequalities.
10. Emphasise that where women have secure land rights that are legally recognized and enforceable, they are better able to use and benefit from the lands and resources and meaningfully participate in sustainable agriculture and land restoration efforts, with strong climate adaptation and mitigation benefits.
11. Take into account the climate-linked sectors in which women are often employed, including, but not limited to, agriculture, fisheries, tourism, the care economy, and the garment industry, and recognize that access to resources, services, education and training in climate-smart practices in these and other sectors, such as clean energy, is critical to both women’s economic security and just and inclusive transitions to decent work and sustainable, climate adaptive livelihoods and effective climate action.
12. Express concern that climate change is exacerbating existing inequalities, as well as gender-based violence, and barriers to accessing critical services that underpin access to decent work, including, but not limited to, education, food, clean water and sanitation, health services including sexual and reproductive health, education, emergency response, and a healthy environment, and stress the need to strengthen and expand access to gender-responsive social protection systems.

Advancing a “Gender-Responsive Just” Transition

13. Recognizing that urgent action is needed to combat climate change, we commit to working collaboratively to support just and inclusive transitions that advance gender equality and the goals of the enhanced Lima Work Program on Gender and its Gender Action Plan. To that end we will strengthen efforts to:

  • Fully incorporate the human rights of women and girls in just transition efforts, including through social dialogue and working with decision makers and with men and boys, to promote gender-responsive investments in climate action that provide for the full, equal and meaningful participation and leadership of all women and girls.
  • Encourage gender-responsive strategies on mitigation and adaptation, in line with national, regional, and international instruments, to strengthen the resilience to the adverse effects of climate change, with the aim of protecting, respecting and promoting human rights, economic empowerment, access to decent work and education, sustainable livelihoods and gender-responsive and disability-inclusive social protection systems that facilitate livelihoods transitions.
  • Implement, as appropriate, gender-responsive budgeting, policy and planning, and develop legislation and policy, as well as promote skills training, including in informal sectors, and equal opportunities in job markets,
  • Identify funding sources and opportunities with a view to continuing to enhance access to funding for women and girls in the regions most impacted by climate change, and with a view to promote gender-responsive, inclusive, locally-led climate action, and improve tracking and reporting on gender-related aspects of climate finance, impact measurement and mainstreaming.
  • Share experiences and best practices on gender-responsive planning and budgeting in the context of a just transition and conduct studies on gender-responsive just transitions in respective national contexts.
  • Encourage and support the development of evidence-based methodologies, including sex, disability, and age-disaggregated data and standard indicators, to assess gender equality in the transition to a Paris Agreement-aligned economy.
  • Pursue efforts and collaboration across sectors and in partnership with women’s organisations to ensure that they counteract any potential negative consequences and benefit from the transition to a Paris Agreement-aligned economy, including expanding access to gender-responsive social protection, and to support efforts towards the eradication of poverty in the transition.
  • Promote measures to reduce, redistribute and value unpaid care and domestic work, including by promoting the equal sharing of responsibilities between women and men within the household.
  • Make best efforts to reflect progress on gender equality in Biennial Transparency Reports, as appropriate.
  • Reconvene for a dialogue at the 31st UN Climate Change Conference to report on the implementation of these commitments.

Signatures:

Albania

Andorra

Antigua and Barbuda

Armenia

Australia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Bangladesh

Belgium

Burkina Faso

Cabo Verde

Canada

Chad

Chile

China

Colombia

Comoros

Cook Islands

Costa Rica

Cote d'Ivoire

Cyprus

Czechia

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Denmark

Dominican Republic

Ecuador

Fiji

Finland

France

Germany

Guatemala

Hungary

Iceland

Ireland

Israel

Jamaica

Japan

Jordan

Kiribati

Kyrgyzstan

Latvia

Lebanon

Lesotho

Mali

Mexico

Micronesia

Moldova

Monaco

Mongolia

Morocco

Netherlands

New Zealand

Nicaragua

Nigeria

North Macedonia

Norway

Pakistan

Palau

Paraguay

Peru

Poland

Portugal

Rwanda

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Seychelles

Sierra Leone

Slovenia

Spain

Sri Lanka

Sweden

Tuvalu

UAE

Ukraine

United Kingdom

United States of America

Uruguay

Venezuela

Viet Nam

Yemen

COP28 UAE DECLARATIONS

SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE, RESILIENT FOOD SYSTEMS, AND CLIMATE ACTION
COALITION FOR HIGH AMBITION MULTILEVEL PARTNERSHIPS (CHAMP) FOR CLIMATE ACTION
CLIMATE, RELIEF, RECOVERY AND PEACE
CLIMATE FINANCE FRAMEWORK
GLOBAL COOLING PLEDGE FOR COP28
GENDER-RESPONSIVE JUST TRANSITIONS AND CLIMATE ACTION PARTNERSHIP
GLOBAL RENEWABLES AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY PLEDGE
COP28 DECLARATION OF INTENT